Is caviar extract working on skin? – Our ingredients Caviar of Switzerland: What is the role of caviar in cosmetic products?
The illusion of caviar being for the “rich” has existed for many years now. Its use is now expanding in cosmetic products and a lot of questions are arising:
What is the role of Caviar in skincare products?
Is it actually that expensive?
Does it work?
Is it legal?
However, looking up the Internet for answers can be very misleading. Luckily, science is here for the rescue. Caviar of Switzerland has created a line starting with 3 products and they are now revealing the science behind the success.
Despite their name, “Caviar of Switzerland” does not include just caviar. The idea of blindly applying something expensive on your skin for luxurious effects is no longer the anti-aging solution. Taking into consideration the various factors involved in aging, Caviar of Switzerland enriched their products with some of the most specialized ingredients acting on a cellular level in synergy, targeting protection, repair and regeneration of the skin.
Caviar has a cell format similar to human skin and is known to provide unparalleled nourishment and mineralization of the skin. The caviar extract used in Caviar of Switzerland products comes from a special sturgeon farm in France and is then sent to a Swiss laboratory to be formulated for cosmetic use. This is the finest caviar used in aesthetics. It is certified by the Swiss government and approved by the FDA and the U.S. Wild Life and Fish Department helping to protect endangered species.
Caviar is very rich in nutritious elements, including proteins, minerals, vitamins and lipids, which contain an abundance of polyunsaturated fatty acids. The Caviar Extract is uniquely structured to deliver these potent nutrients directly to the cellular level of the skin. The most important properties of Caviar Extract are its moisturizing, nourishing, vitaminizing, retexturising qualities – all of which help prevent the aging process in different extends. By providing an external source of DNA, caviar extract is said to be an ideal additive to repair skin damage as well as stimulate the metabolism of the skin cells. The use of caviar in its raw form was never claimed to have beneficial effects on the skin, however as showed in studies such as that of Marotta et al.,1 purified caviar extract homogenates can modify the extracellular matrix milieu in aged skin and also beneficially affect mitochondrial function.
Despite caviar extracts being very “nutritious” for the skin cells, more ingredients are required for the efficient delivery of these nutrients, by creating the best environment for this process.
Superoxide Dismutase Enzyme – SOD
SOD is a very efficient enzyme and its role is to neutralize free radicals resulting from lipid peroxidation, preventing the chain reactions that would eventually reach deeply into the skin and attack the cells2. Additionally, evidence exists referring to the decrease of the skin SOD levels after the exposure to UV irradiation, making its topic replenishment extremely beneficial3.
Vitamin E has antioxidant and moisturizing properties. It helps the skin acquire a youthful glow, tones the tissues and plays an important role in preventing skin cancer as well as damage due to UV radiations4,5. Vitamin E is secreted naturally and easily penetrates into the vital membranes of the skin cells and accumulates there to protect against the damaging effects of lipid peroxidation6. Topical application of Vitamin E can therefore provide enhanced protection on the skin from detrimental environmental aging factors.
Resveratrol is a powerful antioxidant produced by certain plants as defence against stress. Conclusive research of the past several years (extensive review refer by Athar et al., 20077) has led to it becoming widely accepted as a veritable fountain of youth for its protective qualities against free radicals (scavenging existing ones and preventing their further formation) and other factors that cause damage and aging.
Topical application of resveratrol protects against UVB-mediated skin damage and inhibits UVB-induced oxidative stress, which is known to cause DNA and RNA damage, contributing to premature aging and skin cancer8.
Overall, its antioxidant activity provides cellular protection against free-radical attack and shielding against damage from air pollutants and sunlight. Resveratrol is also possessed of significant anti-inflammatory and skin-lightening properties.
Panthenol, a plant derivative also known as Provitamin B, is a natural humectant. This property in combination with its ability to penetrate into the lower skin layers (easily absorbed by skin cells) is making it an excellent hydrating ingredient. Additionally, it has anti-inflammatory and protective antimicrobial properties. Panthenol helps to restore and maintain the natural moisture of skin while leaving it velvety and smooth. Its exfoliating properties fight free radicals and promote new skin cells to systematically regenerate9.
Bisabolol is a natural active ingredient of botanical origin (German chamomile), used in medicine and cosmetics for hundreds of years because of its skin healing properties. It is known to have anti-irritant, anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties. Bisabolol is also demonstrated to enhance the percutaneous absorption of certain molecules, can help reduce UV-induced erythema and is said to protect the skin from the effects of daily stress and accelerate the cutaneous healing process. For more information on the properties of Bisabolol refer to the review of Guy et al., 201010.
Caviar of Switzerland products also consists of Collagen Synthesis-Stimulating Peptide. This small peptide mimics the human body’s own mechanisms of collagen production. It actively diminishes all types of wrinkles and also has skin firming and moisturizing properties. Organic floral water and shea butter are also included, benefiting with their hydrating and anti-irritating abilities. Furthermore, the product is enriched with Hyaluronic Acid, which has strong moisturizing and film-forming properties that help preserve the most important characteristics of youthful, healthy skin, such as suppleness, elasticity and tone.
In conclusion, a single ingredient such as caviar in skin care products is indeed unlikely to result in all the desirable anti-aging and regenerating effects. On the other hand, a combination of immensely active ingredients in the correct proportion, acting in synergy with each other to enhance the natural regenerating and protective skin cell mechanisms, guarantees effectiveness.
As a result, Caviar of Switzerland with its innovative, hand picked ingredients, has a reliable, scientifically based, value for money solution to fight against aging while protecting the skin from the everyday environmental hazards.
Marotta, F. et al. Beneficial modulation from a high-purity caviar-derived homogenate on chronological skin aging. Rejuvenation research 15, 174-177, doi:10.1089/rej.2011.1274 (2012).
Miller, A. F. Superoxide dismutases: ancient enzymes and new insights. FEBS letters 586, 585-595, doi:10.1016/j.febslet.2011.10.048 (2012).
Naylor, B. C. P. a. M. F. Effects of Single-Dose Ultraviolet Radiation on Skin Superoxide Dismutase, Catalase, and Xanthine Oxidase in Hairless Mice. Journal of Investigative Dermatology 95, 213–216 (1990).
Dreher, F., Gabard, B., Schwindt, D. A. & Maibach, H. I. Topical melatonin in combination with vitamins E and C protects skin from ultraviolet-induced erythema: a human study in vivo. The British journal of dermatology 139, 332-339 (1998).
Record, I. R., Dreosti, I. E., Konstantinopoulos, M. & Buckley, R. A. The influence of topical and systemic vitamin E on ultraviolet light-induced skin damage in hairless mice. Nutrition and cancer 16, 219-225, doi:10.1080/01635589109514160 (1991).
Thiele, J. J., Weber, S. U. & Packer, L. Sebaceous gland secretion is a major physiologic route of vitamin E delivery to skin. The Journal of investigative dermatology 113, 1006-1010, doi:10.1046/j.1523-1747.1999.00794.x (1999).
Athar, M. et al. Resveratrol: a review of preclinical studies for human cancer prevention. Toxicology and applied pharmacology 224, 274-283, doi:10.1016/j.taap.2006.12.025 (2007).
Afaq, F., Adhami, V. M. & Ahmad, N. Prevention of short-term ultraviolet B radiation-mediated damages by resveratrol in SKH-1 hairless mice. Toxicology and applied pharmacology 186, 28-37 (2003).
Ebner, F., Heller, A., Rippke, F. & Tausch, I. Topical use of dexpanthenol in skin disorders. American journal of clinical dermatology 3, 427-433 (2002).
Guy P. P. Kamatou, A. M. V. A Review of the Application and Pharmacological Properties of α-Bisabolol and α-Bisabolol-Rich Oils. Journal of the American Oil Chemists” Society 87, 1-7 (2010).